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September 22, 2006

Comments

Frank Bellamy, MAP Master of Applied Politics

The McCain campaign is giving their votes away to Obama by not being more aggressive?

The McCain’s campaign “Come back line”; for Obama’s up coming Iraq visit; McCain says something referencing 900 Days in his TV Ad? This line gives the listener the impression that Obama has visited the Middle East before in his official capacity. This also diminishes McCain’s strength in the international affairs arena.

The McCain Campaign Team must take on a much harder more aggressive in your face type of political campaigning posture. They must campaign with the intent to draw political blood, because at the present campaign pace the voters will not have time to self imagine a reason why to vote for McCain. Presently the campaign is giving their votes away to Obama by not being more aggressive.

In order to shake a guy like Obama, you must campaign on his turf and flex your muscles by being bold in your conduct. This will act to demoralize him and force him to go on the defense.

What do you think?

Frank Bellamy, MAP
Master of Applied Politics
imailisbest@sbcglobal.net

Frank Bellamy, MAP Master of Applied Politics

The McCain campaign is giving their votes away to Obama by not being more aggressive?

The McCain’s campaign “Come back line”; for Obama’s up coming Iraq visit; McCain says something referencing 900 Days in his TV Ad? This line gives the listener the impression that Obama has visited the Middle East before in his official capacity. This also diminishes McCain’s strength in the international affairs arena.

The McCain Campaign Team must take on a much harder more aggressive in your face type of political campaigning posture. They must campaign with the intent to draw political blood, because at the present campaign pace the voters will not have time to self persuade a reason why they should vote for McCain. Presently the campaign is giving their votes away to Obama by not being more aggressive. Voter self persuasion happens in most all major elections because of the voter’s fear of deviating from the (the known) status quo of political leadership into unknown.

In order to shake a guy like Obama, you must campaign on his turf and flex your muscles by being bold in your conduct. This will act to demoralize him and force him to go on the defense.

What do you think?

Frank Bellamy, MAP
Master of Applied Politics
imailisbest@sbcglobal.net

Frank Bellamy, MAP Master of Applied Politics

Obama diminishes trip to War Zones by touring Europe

The Obama Campaign trip to the War Zone could have been the one single thing needed to defeat John McCain for President of the United States. The Obama campaign could be furthering the public opinion poll results that voters view his presidency as a more risky choice than McCain’s. The Obama campaign’s chance to add a sense of seriousness and confidence in his abilities to command the war effort was lost when he decided to tour Europe. The voters will not remember his visit to the troops in Afghanistan or Iraq. But they will remember that he changed his mind about visiting the wounded troops in Germany.

McCain’s big chance to topple the Obama Machine is to maintain a constant political attack on every facet of the Obama candidacy. McCain should take advantage of this weaken Obama moment by campaigning in Democratic Party strongholds. This would force Obama to physically associate himself with his perceived political base of mostly Black voters. It is true that Obama has many non Black supporters but the media visuals will tend to lead the inattentive White voter to the conclusion that he is mostly for the Blacks. We (the politically interested) know that this would be a wrong conclusion, but snap judgments by the voters will create an atmosphere of doubt that will work against Obama. Obama surly has plans to associate himself with his base but it is too early in the campaign for him to do so now. The benefit to the McCain campaign would be; the limited amount of time that Obama will be able to campaign in predominantly white areas because he would have to court his Black supporters much earlier than expected. It would be wrong for Obama to assume that the Black voters will turn out heavy for him on Election Day, without being energized by his personal presence and direct encouragement to do so.

Obama’s big chance to win this election is now, but not by using TV commercials as his main political tactic. Obama will have to hit the ground running fast in America because we all have very short memories. If Obama could rekindle that barnstorming atmosphere in his campaign he will be firmly set to win in November. His campaign should focus on embracing the Obama Rock Star image and play it up big throughout the remainder of the election. This would force McCain to increase his physical campaigning activities in order to keep up with Obama and this could take a negative toll on McCain as the Election Day grows closer.

It is my professional belief that any election can be won and that any candidate can be defeated but you must be willing to make the right moves at the right time.

What do you think?


Frank Bellamy, MAP
Master of Applied Politics
imailisbest@sbcglobal.net

Frank Bellamy, MAP Master of Applied Politics

Obama diminishes trip to War Zones by touring Europe

The Obama Campaign trip to the War Zone could have been the one single thing needed to defeat John McCain for President of the United States. The Obama campaign could be furthering the public opinion poll results that voters view his presidency as a more risky choice than McCain’s. The Obama campaign’s chance to add a sense of seriousness and confidence in his abilities to command the war effort was lost when he decided to tour Europe. The voters will not remember his visit to the troops in Afghanistan or Iraq. But they will remember that he changed his mind about visiting the wounded troops in Germany.

McCain’s big chance to topple the Obama Machine is to maintain a constant political attack on every facet of the Obama candidacy. McCain should take advantage of this weaken Obama moment by campaigning in Democratic Party strongholds. This would force Obama to physically associate himself with his perceived political base of mostly Black voters. It is true that Obama has many non Black supporters but the media visuals will tend to lead the inattentive White voter to the conclusion that he is mostly for the Blacks. We (the politically interested) know that this would be a wrong conclusion, but snap judgments by the voters will create an atmosphere of doubt that will work against Obama. Obama surly has plans to associate himself with his base but it is too early in the campaign for him to do so now. The benefit to the McCain campaign would be; the limited amount of time that Obama will be able to campaign in predominantly white areas because he would have to court his Black supporters much earlier than expected. It would be wrong for Obama to assume that the Black voters will turn out heavy for him on Election Day, without being energized by his personal presence and direct encouragement to do so.

Obama’s big chance to win this election is now, but not by using TV commercials as his main political tactic. Obama will have to hit the ground running fast in America because we all have very short memories. If Obama could rekindle that barnstorming atmosphere in his campaign he will be firmly set to win in November. His campaign should focus on embracing the Obama Rock Star image and play it up big throughout the remainder of the election. This would force McCain to increase his physical campaigning activities in order to keep up with Obama and this could take a negative toll on McCain as the Election Day grows closer.

It is my professional belief that any election can be won and that any candidate can be defeated but you must be willing to make the right moves at the right time.

What do you think?


Frank Bellamy, MAP
Master of Applied Politics
imailisbest@sbcglobal.net

Frank Bellamy, MAP  Master of Applied Politics

John McCain its GOTV Time! “Get-Out-The Vote” The Polls say “Yes”!

In most elections it would be considered far too early in the election to implement the campaign’s GOTV Plan but with this political climate the timing is ripe for McCain. Most recent public opinion polls are beginning to hint that voters are starting to lean away from the hype and attraction of the Obama for President Campaign. It is not that the voters are rejecting Senator Obama but instead the McCain Campaign has successfully created a reason for voter doubt and apprehension about Obama. The McCain Campaign has become very aggressive in their attempt to label and politically define Sen. Obama in ways that are comical and believable.

The typical Republican Party or Conservative voter has not previously shown signs of being self motivated about the candidacy of Sen. McCain as president. (A Self Motivated Voter will turn out on Election Day without being asked to do so by the campaign.) This campaign factor of having your constituency energized to the point of being “Self Motivated” is one of the primary necessities in winning elections, not to mention that it also saves the campaign money, big money! The McCain campaign’s political aggressiveness is the shot in the arm that the Conservatives needed in this presidential election.

The public opinion polls are now indicating that the voters are not painting John McCain with the broad brush of anti Republican Party sentiment. The voters could have been looking for a reason to formulate a since of skepticism about Sen. Obama and the McCain political team is working hard to accomplish that.

The GOTV “Get-Out-The Vote” plan is purely a Grassroots level type of operation but in order for the McCain Campaign to take full advantage of this, they will have to do much of the grunt work themselves. In that I’m not being paid by either campaign, I will not give the “How To” details for this specific GOTV effort in fairness to Sen. Obama’s campaign. Good luck to both candidates.

Frank Bellamy, MAP
Master of Applied Politics
imailisbest@sbcglobal.net

Frank Bellamy, MAP  Master of Applied Politics

Obama and McCain’s 2008 Secret Campaign Weapons? Libertarian Party Bob Barr – Green Party Cynthia McKinney

In past presidential elections only two third party candidates have been able to break through the campaign noise at the national level; Ralph Nader and Ross Perot. Both of these third party candidates were also able to have an affect on the outcome of the national election ever though they did not win.

The Libertarian Party’s Bob Barr and Green Party’s Cynthia McKinney presidential candidates are much more sophisticated than the third party candidates of the past. These political campaigns seem to understand modern or new style electioneering practices. These third party presidential candidates will have an effect on the outcome of our national election and that outcome could be orchestrated in the benefit to Obama or McCain.

The old mental image of the “Smoke filled rooms and back door political dealings” could be useful to the political operatives of Obama and McCain who are focused on winning the election. The political operatives that could understand the need to redirect political money in order to weaken their primary opponent will be the victor and dramatically impact this election.

For example;

If the McCain political operatives could assist in getting Cynthia McKinney’s presidential campaign message and image to the voters it will have two important effects in diverting votes away from Sen. Obama. 1. Some Black voters and cynical voters will see her candidacy as an opportunity to voice their displeasure with mainstream politics. 2. The White voters will view McKinney in a more stereotypical model (because of her appearance and past antics) and thus increase their apprehension of voting for Obama.

If the Obama political operatives could assist in getting Bob Barr’s presidential campaign message and image to the voters it will also have an important effect in diverting votes away from Sen. McCain. It is common knowledge that many Republican Party hardliners are not excited about the candidacy of McCain for president and Barr could be an acceptable alternative for these voters who want their strong conservative values protected. (Bob Barr represented Georgia's 7th congressional district as a Republican from 1995 to 2003)

Many public opinion polls have the Obama/McCain presidential election in a statistical tie because their poll rankings fall within or very close to the margin of error for surveys of this type. The smallest of political impact by either campaign could be that one straw that will win the election in my view.

What do you think?

Frank Bellamy, MAP
Master of Applied Politics
imailisbest@sbcglobal.net

Frank Bellamy, MAP Master of Applied Politics

Sen. McCain’s Leadership Ability Dominates at Evangelical Church Forum!

The conventional Media Consultants may have previously advised Sen. McCain to avoid debates with the much younger Sen. Obama. John McCain’s performance at the Saddleback Church forum last Saturday should put to rest any notion that he should avoid Sen. Obama in head to head debates.

While Sen. Obama had his moments of cheers and applauds from the mostly religious crowd, his homey laid back appeal fell short in comparison to McCain’s clear and definite direction for America. Sen. Obama also has a vision for America but his presentation left the observer/voter a bit unsure of his clarity and precision of thought on certain issues important to that particular constituency.

Sen. Obama’s forum performance ended on a high note that has become the hallmark of his campaign. However, Sen. McCain’s performance echoed a certain slap of reality that most Americans could easily understand. The Sunday morning T.V. political talk shows interestingly avoided any direct criticisms of Sen. Obama’s church forum performance. On the T.V. show Face the Nation, Gov. Tim Pawlenty of Minnesota was more forth coming in his assessment of Sen. Obama’s performance. Gov. Pawlenty described Obama as being “Conflicting” in his answers at the forum and McCain as being “Decisive and Crisp” in his responses and that assessment is fairly accurate. Meanwhile on the same T.V. show Sen. Evan Bayh of Indiana seemed to find it difficult to convincingly defend Sen. Obama’s performance but he did make a valiant attempt to do so.

What should both political campaigns be doing now?

The Obama Campaign should be rigorously rehearsing the use of “Sound Bites” with their candidate. Sound bites are the short issues/media statements that the public will remember long after the comments are made. This would cause Sen. Obama not to drift or ramble in his presentations, thus keeping him on point and presidential in his appearances. This can only be accomplished by strict candidate rehearsals and role playing by the campaign.

The McCain campaign should guard against their candidate having to take long walking approaches to the speaker’s podium in every appearance because a small slip in his footing will send the wrong message to the voters. Additionally, Sen. McCain seemed to have been battling a bout of indigestion during the Saddleback Church forum, so an objective pre-observation of the candidate is in order before all public appearances.

Of course these suggestions are only one or two of the many things that the campaigns must tackle before Election Day.

What do you think?

Frank Bellamy, MAP
Master of Applied Politics
imailisbest@sbcglobal.net

Frank Bellamy, MAP  Master of Applied Politics

Obama needs Clinton as VP to avoid a John McCain landslide victory in Nov.

To think that Sen. Obama would have a remote chance at winning in the General Election is fool hearty at best. Our nation’s demographics are very vulnerable to TV, Radio and Internet negative messaging and the Republican Party is the best at political messaging.

An Obama/Clinton presidential ticket is the most competitive duo that the Democratic Party could hope for in this election cycle. If they couple anyone else with Obama the 527 Interest Groups will have a clear shot at targeting the flaws of Obama alone. Whereas, with Clinton on the ticket she could easily deflect many of the political attacks, but their ticket could be easily defeated by McCain and just about any Republican running mate.

What do you think?

Frank Bellamy, MAP
Master of Applied Politics
imailisbest@sbcglobal.net

Frank Bellamy, MAP  Master of Applied Politics

McCain can Win?…Obama can Win?…If they…

1. Obama can Win if he can turn out all of the people in his “Contact List”!
2. McCain can Win if he can energize his “Self Turn Out” base. And if he could cause them to get angry about the Election it will be an easy victory!

This is the best time of the Election because “It’s all Campaign Skill and the Implementation of Political Tactics”.

What do you think?

Frank Bellamy, MAP
Master of Applied Politics
imailisbest@sbcglobal.net
http://www.myspace.com/bellamypolitician

Frank Bellamy, MAP Applied Politics


Education Research Proposal Paper, Due 12/10/2008


Topic:

“The Culture of high school students with behavior problems as viewed by school Counselors AND the graduation rate for students using computer based courses as compared to traditional high school courses”


Introduction

The intent of this research proposal is to cast light on the need for aggressive reformulation of the American public high school’s methods for addressing continued education and graduation of students with disruptive behaviors. Arguably, our current methods of school suspensions, expulsions and the use of alternative education facilities as remedies for students with disruptive behaviors are not serving in the best interest of American. It has been generally reported that American students as an aggregate may be academically less equipped to meet the challenges of today. All too often we as Americans are forced to make unwanted decisions and downward adjustments as to the academic achievements of our nation’s high school age kids. Resultantly, we are left to make sense of a new larger population of low achievers and high school drop outs.

Undoubtedly, the new economic changes in America may cause education administrators to place a higher premium on the “In Classroom Teacher Environments”. This could mean that the student/teacher in the same physical classroom environment would be altered to server more students at a lower cost of operation. Computer aided and Distance Learning software applications are now able to connect students with the in classroom teacher’s environments in real time via the Internet through webcams, lap tops and home computers. This type of classroom connectivity could also be a source for increasing the continued education and graduation of high school students with disruptive behaviors. The maturing high school students with disruptive behaviors could still be afforded a since of dignity and school acceptance by attending the same classroom via the Internet. This type of method for dispensing fair opportunities in high school education is not only efficient but it being accepted throughout the world. It could be theorized that the present day American high school system is not a cost effective model for providing success and growth for today’s American high school students.

This research proposal will engage a mixed method research approach (both qualitatively and quantitatively) in order to help uncover more expanded research questions and hypotheses to be tested in future research projects. The Qualitative Portion-of this research will “Seek to understand the culture of high school students with behavior problems as viewed by high school Counselors”. The intent qualitatively here is to uncover quantifiable questions for use in survey research and program applications. Quantifiable similarities derived from the qualitative research inquiry, “to understand the culture of high school students with behavior problems” could produce some valuable research facts. These research facts could be related independently to the effect of distance learning and computer aided high school course graduations in a normative population. The Quantitative Portion-of this research is to simply compare the high school graduation rates of students who are involved in distance learning and computer aided education and the students enrolled in traditional high schools.

Mixed Research Method Formulation;

“Mixed methods research presents challenges in writing research questions (or hypotheses) because so little of the literature has addressed this design step” (Creswell 1999). The author John Creswell also notes that “Mixed Methods studies need to have both qualitative and quantitative research questions (or hypotheses) included in the studies to narrow and focus the purpose statements”. This mixed method research design is a single-phase project that will identify the qualitative and quantitative research questions. However there will be no set of research questions operating as contingent upon the set of other research questions because the results are intended to be straight forward. The contrast, comparing, and relating variables should follow this research proposal.


Statement of Research Purpose;

The general purpose of this mixed method Qualitative Ethnographic study is to “Seek to understand the culture of high school students with behavior problems as viewed by high school Counselors and a Quantitative Bivariate Cross-sectional study of the graduation rate for normal high school students using computer based courses (distance learning) as compared to traditional high school courses “The idea behind this study is to produce targeted research questions that are specifically geared to the needs of high school students with behavior problems for future quantitative research studies that can be extrapolated over the larger population of high school students with behavior problems. The purpose of the quantitative effort in this study is to gain a sense of the success rates for graduation of high school students using modern computer technologies in education.


Statement of Qualitative Central Research Question and Sub Research Questions;

More pointedly the central research question asks, what is the culture of high school students with behavior problems as viewed by high school Counselors? This study will also seek to understand the associated specifics of this culture by asking the following research sub-research questions. 1). How has the culture of these high school students changed because of school violence? 2). How has the culture of school counseling changed in response to the high school students with disruptive behaviors? 3).What has been the impact of school counseling remedies for dealing with high school students with disruptive behaviors?


Statement of the Quantitative Research Question and Hypotheses;

The central quantitative research question of this study is to determine the impact on the graduation rate for normal high school students using computer based courses (and distance learning) as compared to the traditional high school students. The hypotheses of this quantitative cross-sectional study are as follows;

Hypothesis 1: High school students using computer based courses (and distance learning) will have higher graduation rates than traditional high school students per capita.

Hypothesis 2: High school students using computer based courses (and distance learning) will have higher college entrance exam scores than traditional high school students per capita.

Hypothesis 3: High school students using computer based courses (and distance learning) will have higher job employment rates than traditional high school students per capita.

Hypothesis 4: High school students using computer based courses (and distance learning) will have higher rates of computer literacy than traditional high school students per capita.

Hypothesis 5: Gender identity successes and failures of high school students using computer based courses (and distance learning) will have no changes among the gender groups as those seen in the gender differences of traditional high school students.


Background

The educational system has gone to great measures in an attempt to understand, evaluate and accommodate students with bad behaviors problems. The background of this research proposal will discuss numerous suggested causes and responses to bad behaviors in schools. I addition, this background study will review some well publicized reports on the high school drop rates in America. Dropping out of high school is often the destination for students with behavior problems.

It may not be uncommon for high school age students to confuses their position of individual rights and misapply it in the regimentation of the traditional school environment. Thus this creates opportunities for displaying bad behaviors by the students who are unable to understand the need for regimentation in school settings. Unfortunately, more school districts in several states are turning to the juvenile justice system for help with disruptive school behaviors. The student’s challenge with mental illness is reported to be one of the medical causes for bad behaviors. Some students may have been missed diagnosed and suffer from medical conditions like, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Disruptive Behavior Disorder (DBD) “Pharmacological and genetic studies suggest the importance of the dopaminergic, serotonergic, and noradrenergic systems in the cause, development, and effects of these diseases” (Kerstin, Hanna-Linn, Paul, Lars & Larsson 2008).
Other disruptive student behavior may have it root causes in social or cultural acting out and over emphasizing stereotypes. Disruptive behaviors in students like intimidation include overt actions such as verbal outbursts and physical threats. More subtle disruptive behaviors could be the student exhibiting uncooperative attitudes during routine activities, as well as refusing to perform assigned tasks. Other studies have implied that the child’s home life may be important in predicting the probability of and nature of school adjustment behavior problems. More often children from troubled, chaotic homes are bringing developed patterns of antisocial behavior to school. Overreacting to students with disruptive behaviors is cautioned by school counselors and they advise teachers to document the behavior they see as well as document their reaction to the bad behavior. School counselors have also advised teachers to stay keen to bad behaviors by students who draw disturbing pictures in class and to report them directly to the guidance counselor.
Antisocial behavior of students seems to be the most troubling to schools and teacher because the many classroom behavior-management practices that work so well with typical students do not work in managing antisocial behavior. Students with defiant behaviors and disruptive aggressiveness disrupt the learning of all students (Walker, Ramsey, & Gresham 2004). The family, the school and early intervention programs all combined are needed to curtail bad behaviors in schools. "First, and in some ways most importantly, schools can help by being academically effective. The fact is, academic achievement and good behavior reinforce each other: Experiencing some success academically is related to decreases in acting out; conversely, learning positive behaviors is related to doing better academically” (Kellam and his colleagues 1994).
Undoubtedly, there should be a correlation between the high school students with disruptive behaviors and the increased high school drop-out rates or at the very least it makes a contribution to this problem. Scholars, Political and Community leaders have all condemned this trend for increased high school drop out rates.
Key findings:
National Public High School Graduation Rate 2003 Cross tab
Overall Graduation Rate 70%
White students 78%
Asian students 72%
Black-American students 55%
Hispanic students 53%
All Females 72%
All Males 65%
(Jay P. Greene & Marcus A. Winters 2006)

Major City Graduation Rates (2007)
Public High Schools 52%
Number of High School Drop Outs 1.2 Million per Year
(Barry Grey 2008)
“Seventeen of the nation’s 50 largest cities had high school graduation rates lower than 50 percent, with the lowest graduation rates reported in Detroit, Indianapolis and Cleveland, according to a report released Tuesday [Colin Powell alliance]” Associated Press (2008). On April 1: A new report funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation calls high school dropout rates a "national catastrophe." NBC's Mika Brzezinski reports NBC Nightly News Report (2008).

Significance of the Study

This study will contribute to the field of education by focusing the spot light on computer technology as the most cost effective and responsible means for delivering education to high school level students with behavior problems. The empirical evidence is now available and it supports the definite use of computer technology in high school education at all levels and student circumstances.

This research is a concern worth investigating because the American public high school students has become the academic victim to the entire world’s developing nations. Arguably, the American high school students have notoriously ranked near the bottom of many surveys on academic performance and readiness to meet the challenges for today’s work force. Our public school’s present day policies and methods (suspensions, expulsions and alternative schools) for dealing with students with disruptive behavioral problems is just not working for the benefit and growth of the American nation. This author contends that we should never adopt the notion that American kids are not capable of learning and competing with the very best of students this world has to offer. It is my opinion that our school systems should be obligated to academically manage our students throughout their high school years by mandating the use of technology for the administrating and accountability of students regardless of their bad behaviors. American high school students have issues ranging from poor interpersonal relationships to out right disruptive antisocial behaviors in the traditional school settings. The existing school system method only acts to delay, reduce and discourage many high school students from obtaining a useful high school education.


Limitations/Delimitations

This study is limited to the discovery of answers to pointed research questions and hypothesis that supports or rejects the use of computer technologies in delivering a quality high school education to students with disruptive class room behaviors. This study will seek to formulate quantifiable questions for use in survey research on this topic. The quantifiable similarities of high school students with behavioral problems derived from the qualitative research inquiry, “to understand the culture of high school students with behavior problems” could produce some research facts. These research facts could be related independently to the effect of distance learning and computer aided high school course graduations in a normative population. This study will be limited by the present day computer technology available for administering quality and affordable high school education. Computer software for distance learning and on line school courses is evolving rapidly and any form of limitation should not be long lived in this area concern.


Literature Review - Counselors

Today’s school counseling professionals are not alone in developing new strategies for combating and understanding the bad behaviors of At-Risk Youths. This concern has overflowed beyond the school facility and into the community at large as a priority for parents. Community youth workers, teachers, counselors and parents are attempting to address these problem behaviors as having its roots in the broader concerns of coping with life’s challenges by these students (Ungar, Michael 2006). The positive impact on the community and schools that provide student assistant programs for at-risk youths are supported in the review of literature by (Milgram, Gail Gleason 2008). New approaches like "Strengths-Based Counseling with At-Risk Youth" (Ungar, 2006) are being explored in order to seek access to the student’s strengths that are buried beneath disruptive and problem behaviors.

The above approach has similarities to other published research that is referred to as “Solution-Focused Counseling”, (Murphy, John J.1997). This author recommends that teachers, students and parents explore and apply their own distinctive recourses and talents to help resolve the student’s problem areas. In addition, this study notes that the traditional school environment is not the ideal place for counseling sessions. The review of literature and research reveals that counselors have routinely focused in on violence in schools and they have implemented screening techniques and good clinical assessments to reduce this risk. These researchers also investigated the cultural characteristics and socioeconomics of violent students and they recommend the remediation of those students with a high violence potentiality (Sandhu, Aspy & Cheryl 2000). Furthermore, this research is related to a review of literature by Carlson (2003) “Existential Theory: Helping School Counselors Attend to Youth at Risk for Violence” who contends that school counselors should conceptualize interventions to address the existential factors that influence violent behavior in students. Additionally, this researcher “stresses the importance of self-awareness becoming nonjudgmental in dealing with aggressive students and effective in reducing school violence”.

A review of literature suggested that traditional teacher educational training falls short in preparing educators to deal with modern student anxieties associated with “gangs, violence, sexual abuse, addictions, and other problems” (Kottler, Jeffrey A. 1997). Inadvertently, a survey of Alternative Education Programs reported that “Forty-three percent of AE teachers had no or inadequate pre-service training” in dealing with problem behaviors (Hosley, Nathaniel S. 2003). In as much as, Alternative Education Programs for students with disruptive behaviors are considered to be the last chance for these students. Unfortunately, a review of literature indicates that “more than one-third of AE teachers had fewer curriculum resources than did regular classroom teachers, and nearly 55 percent indicated that students in AE were excluded from parts of the curriculum that were available to regular education students”, (Hosley 2003).

However, there are many positives to the traditional Alternative Education Program and a review of research indicates that alternative school students often experience scientifically better interactions with school officials, (Saunders & Edward 2002). Kottler (1997) also recommends the use of counseling techniques that are aimed at understanding why some students are belligerent, unmotivated and difficult to function within the school setting. More importantly the author recommends that counselors explore ways to break through an impasse with these students. The literature review also gave attention to school violence as an interference with “students' academic performance, career options, and personal and social growth, and threatens the safety of students and faculty” (Bemak, Fred, Keys & Susan 2000).


Literature Review - Computers

The review of literature notes an interesting book by Clayton M. Christensen who predicts the rapid growth and delivery of computer based delivery of education in high schools. He contents that online education “will step forward to serve students that mainline education does not serve and does not serve well” (Totter, Andrew 2008). More evidence supporting the acceptance of Web based delivery in education was found in the review of literature titled Southern Regional Education Board Report (SREB 2007). This report states that “Just 12 years ago, none of the 50 states used the Web to provide courses to middle grades or high school students. By 2000, several SREB states, including Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, and West Virginia, had or were beginning to implement state-sponsored virtual schools.”

The difficulties, challenges and hidden cost associated with providing quality educational exposure to kids in lower socioeconomic groups could be greatly enhanced by integrating Internet based used education. A review of literature suggested that computer based education could “bridge the early gap in exposure to print for students from low socioeconomic backgrounds” (Whitney, Jennifer D. 2007). By these means, the author notes that technology can be the independent reinforce for low-performing students in schools with high student/teacher ratios. Furthermore, a review of qualitative research study examines the use of computer technologies for high school students living in economically disadvantaged households. This study found that Information and Communicative Technologies (ICT) ”was for the purpose of completing assigned and unassigned homework outside of the traditional high school setting” Baek & Freehling (2007).

The strong part of the literature review is the use of Computer-based instructional (CBI) courses has been used as the central strategic component in the preparation and improvement of school competency exam scores (Hannafin & Foshay 2008). In addition, this literature states that “students who participated in the CBI course improved more than the students who did not” and “the instructor was positive about the impact of the course and believed that the course gave many under-performers a chance to succeed when more traditional methods had failed” (Hannafin & Foshay 2008). The literature review also gave attention to the use of computer laptops in schools to help improve math and science test scores. Resultantly, the researchers discovered that student achievement did occur however they also recommended further research “to help determine the efficacy of 1:1 laptop instruction and the implementation conditions necessary for increased student achievement” (Dunleavy & Heinecke 2008). Modern computer software such as; WeBWorK, a Web-Based Homework Delivery and Grading System is filling the void of concern about student coursework accountability and immediate grading responses by the busy teachers. From their results immediate feedback about correctness of students' answers kept the student engaged with the instructor while away from the traditional classroom setting (Roth, Ivanchenko & Record 2008).

Conversely to methods of catering to the student’s particular learning preference in the broad view, this review of literature reveals that computer based education indicated “the overall results indicate that matching learner preference to the type of program they receive is an effective strategy for high-prior-knowledge students but not for those with low prior knowledge (Kopcha & Sullivan 2008). Further reviews of literature progressed the notion of using mobile communication technology in schools for students acted to motivate and add a sense of urgency to student learning. “When combined with Internet communication media, it can significantly increase student extrinsic motivation without causing higher pressure” (Rau, Gao & Wu 2008).

A substantial range of information was in the literature review “Factors Impeding Implementation of Web-Based Distance Learning”. The author noted that changes are occurring at an accelerating rate for communication-based world society and that life long learning is necessary for everyone. On the other hand, they suggest concern should be afforded to the student’s “loss of motivation due to the lack of face-to-face contact with teachers and peers, student frustration in learning and training, potentially prohibitive start up costs, and lack of faculty support are all barriers to successful distance learning” (Falowo 2007). Wherever cautions arose in the review of literature regarding Web-based educational delivery, additional research revealed methods for student success and persistence (Valasek 2001).

The state of Florida is using a creative methods to reduced their student loss due to high school drop outs by using “new graduation option for at-risk students makes frequent use of computer-assisted instruction, operates a counseling component, integrates vocational education with the program, awards academic credits based on mastery, and helps students gain coping strategies” Florida's Use of the GED computer base delivery (1995). This research report also indicated a lasting effect of this program on these students as compared to their traditional high school graduate counterparts by stating that they earned more (income) than those students as well as those who were dropouts from the same school districts. The review of literature presented strong evidence in support for the students applying virtual world experiences to real world knowledge and academic skills. In addition, this research discusses the valuable benefits of gaining job-readiness skills by allowing students to “set up and run their own businesses in a virtual world” (Hughes & Golann (2008).

Research Methodology

1. Qualitative Methodology; (a).Type; Anonymous Survey high school counselors: (b).Sampling; Purposive for large high schools with large student enrollments in the United States of America: (c). Instrumentation; Likert Scale Questionnaire Survey: (d). Data Collection; Data to be collected from completed surveys by high school counselors: (e). Design; Ethnographic qualitative study that’s seeks to understand the culture of high school students with behavioral problems.
2. Quantitative Methodology; (a).Type; Quantitative Research Bivariate Cross-sectional study of the graduation rate for normal high school students using computer based courses (distance learning) as compared to traditional high school courses”: (b).Sampling; Random form published reports for large high schools with large student enrollments United States of American: (c). Instrumentation; Demographic Questionnaire for participating high schools: (d). Data Collection; Data will be collected from published official reports (e). Research Design; Responses will be recorded, grouped, tabulated and averaged in crosstab/graphic sections for report findings independently.

DATA ANALYSIS
Qualitative data analysis should seek to produce categories of similarities observed in high school students with disruptive behaviors by school counselors. The first step in the quantitative data analysis process should be to examine the demographic information of the students, states and schools that will be proving the high school graduation statistics. The data should be analyzed for the existence of basic statistical tendencies and frequencies of survey research projects.


RESULTS

The results of this study should be consistence with the literature review of research that indicates the correctness and timeliness of distance learning for students with disruptive behaviors. The results should also uncover themes and patterns of this research topic that could be valuable to the purpose of this study.

DISCUSSION

The discussion will seek to raise several questions; the discussion will hope to embark on new ideas; there are high expectations about the research discussion.

CONCLUSION

The implications of this study could help to speed up the transformation for online high school education across the American. At present, educators have numerous opportunities for practical applications with students who can greatly benefit the purpose of this study. Future research should be directed at discovering and assessing real world applications and models for providing quality high school education to students with behavior problems via the Internet.


Reference:


Kerstin Malmberg, Hanna-Linn Wargelius, Paul Lichtenstein, Lars Oreland and Jan-Olov Larsson (2008), ADHD and Disruptive behavior scores – associations with MAO-A and 5-HTT genes and with platelet MAO-B activity in adolescents, BMC Psychiatry 2008, Pg.1186/1471

Pearson, Jane L. Ph.D; Ialongo, Nicholas S. Ph.D ; Hunter, Andrea G. Ph.D ; Kellam, Sheppard G. M.D (1994), Family Structure and Aggressive Behavior in a Population of Urban Elementary School Children, Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 33(4):540-548

Hill M. Walker, Elizabeth Ramsey, and Frank M. Gresham (2004), Heading Off Disruptive Behavior-How Early Intervention Can Reduce Defiant Behavior and Win Back Teaching Time

Jay P. Greene and Marcus A. Winters (2006), High School Graduation Drop Out Rates, Leaving Boys Behind: Public High School Graduation Rates, Civic Report

Barry Grey (2008), High school drop-out rate in major US cities at nearly 50 percent, Report

Associated Press (2008), updated 12:20 a.m. ET, Tues., April. 1, 2008

NBC Nightly News Report (2008), NBC's Mika Brzezinski reports

Ungar, Michael (2006), Strengths-Based Counseling with At-Risk Youth, Corwin Press

Kottler, Jeffrey A. (1997), Succees with Challenging Students. Practical Skill for Counselors, Books; Guides - Non-Classroom

Murphy, John J.(1997), Solution-Focused Counseling in Middle and High Schools, Books; Guides - Non-Classroom

Milgram, Gail Gleason (2008), An Analysis of Student Assistance Programs: Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York, Journal of Drug Education, v28 n2 p107-16 1998

Violence in American Schools: A Practical Guide for Counselors, Sandhu, Daya Singh, Ed.; Aspy, Cheryl Blalock, Ed. (2000), Books; Collected Works - General; Guides - Non-Classroom

Carlson, Laurie A. (2003), Existential Theory: Helping School Counselors Attend to Youth at Risk for Violence, Professional School Counseling, v6 n5 p310-15 Jun 2003

Bemak, Fred; Keys, Susan (2000), Violent and Aggressive Youth: Intervention and Prevention Strategies for Changing Times. Practical Skills for Counselors, Books; Guides - Non-Classroom

Hosley, Nathaniel S. (2003), Survey and Analysis of Alternative Education Programs, Reports – Research

Jeanne A.; Saunders, Edward J. (2002), Alternative School Students' Perceptions of Past [Traditional] and Current [Alternative] School Environments, Saunders, High School Journal, v85 n2 p12-23 Dec 2001-Jan 2002

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB2007), Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports – Descriptive

Totter, Andrew (2008), Online Education Cast as "Disruptive Innovation”,
Source: Education Week, v27 n36 p1, 12-13 May 2008

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB2007), Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports – Descriptive

Whitney, Jennifer D. (2007), The Use of Technology in Literacy Instruction: Implications for Teaching Students from Low Socioeconomic Backgrounds. HBSK 4072, Section 3, Online Submission

Hannafin, Robert D.; Foshay, Wellesley R. (2008), Computer-Based Instruction's (CBI) Rediscovered Role in K-12: An Evaluation Case Study of One High School's Use of CBI to Improve Pass Rates on High-Stakes Tests, Educational Technology Research and Development, v56 n2 p147-160 Apr 2008, Evaluative

Kopcha, Theodore J.; Sullivan, Howard (2008), Learner Preferences and Prior Knowledge in Learner-Controlled Computer-Based Instruction, Educational Technology Research and Development, v56 n3 p265-286 Jun 2008

Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Gao, Qin; Wu, Li-Mei (2008), Using Mobile Communication Technology in High School Education: Motivation, Pressure, and Learning Performance Computers & Education, v50 n1 p1-22 Jan 2008

Dunleavy, Matt; Heinecke, Walter F. (2008), The Impact of 1:1 Laptop Use on Middle School Math and Science Standardized Test Scores, Computers in the Schools, v24 n3-4 p7-22 Jan 2008

Falowo, Rasheed Olaniyi (2007), Factors Impeding Implementation of Web-Based Distance Learning , AACE Journal, v15 n3 p315-338

Valasek, Thomas (2001)Student Persistence in Web-Based Courses: Identifying a Profile for Success, Reports – Research

Using Internet Communication Technologies by Low-Income High School Students in Completing Educational Tasks inside and outside the School Setting
Baek, Eun-Ok; Freehling, Seth (2007)

Florida's Use of the GED (1995), Florida's Use of the GED with At-Risk High School Students. Fourth Annual Report. 1993-1994 School Year. Executive Summary.

Hughes, Katherine L.; Golann, Joanne Wang (2008), A Virtual World with Real Results, Connecting Education and Careers, v83 n3 p34-38 Mar 2008


Appendixes

Frank Bellamy, MAP Master of Applied Politics

Free Grant Writing for 2009

If your group is designated as a “501(c)3” Non Profit entity and would like free assistance in writing grant proposals please email me at; IMAILISBEST@SBCGLOBAL.NET

This year could be a great year for submitting grant proposals.

Frank Bellamy, MAP
Master of Applied Politics
imailisbest@sbcglobal.net
http://www.myspace.com/bellamypolitician

fernandez

Democrats have a right-brain problem. Or sort of. Neuroscience has moved beyond the pop-psychology model that locates all emotions in the right hemisphere of the brain and cool, analytical reason in the left hemisphere. But to the extent that the old model survives as a metaphor, its application to the Democratic Party pretty much sums up one of the big points of Drew Westen's new book, The Political Brain: The Role of Emotion in Deciding the Fate of the Nation.
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Frank Bellamy, MAP

Curriculum Vitae - Resume

Frank E. Bellamy, MAP (330) 782-0984
33 West Princeton Avenue, Youngstown, OH 44507, imailisbest@sbcglobal.net

Professional Profile
Adjunct College Instructor in the academic disciplines of Political Science or Education

•Graduate Assistantship in Teacher Education-Instructional Technology
•Distance Education Learning
•Computer Technologies for Classrooms
•Educational Research and Methodology •Mastery of American Government and Political Systems
•Political Campaigning and Electioneering
•Political Research and Methodology

Professional Accomplishments and Achievements
Educational Research

•Educational Research Exchange, 17th Annual Conference at The University of Akron 2010, Academic Research Proposal Presentation, held in Akron, Ohio

•QUEST 2010 a Forum for Student Scholarship, at The Youngstown State University, Academic Research Proposal Presentation, held in Youngstown, Ohio

•Graduate Assistantship in Teacher Education Department Beeghly College of Education at The Youngstown State University 2009-2010
Presidential Mentor and EOC Committee Member

•Awarded Membership as a Presidential Mentor 2009-2010 at The Youngstown State University in Youngstown, Ohio

•Awarded Committee Membership 2009-2010 on The Youngstown State University Equal Opportunity Compliance Committee in Youngstown, Ohio
Grant Writing

•Awarded $11,370.00 Grant for Capital Improvement 2009-2010 on behalf of The Fish Samaritan House in Youngstown, Ohio

Work History
Graduate Assistantship The Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH, 2009-2010

Political Consultant BELLAMY Political Consultants, Youngstown, OH
2005-Present

Assistant MIS Director Franklin County Recorder, Columbus, OH 2001-2005

Education
Master Degree Political Science Dept. (MAP)
The University of Akron, Akron, OH
May 10, 2008

Baccalaureate of Science Degree, North Carolina Central University, Durham, NC
May 23, 1976

Teaching Experience
The Youngstown State University at Youngstown, Ohio, Graduate Assistant – “Teacher Education Department” 2009-2010, Assistant to Staff Professors at the Graduate levels

Rochester City School District at Rochester, New York, Substitute Classroom Teacher – “Science and Social Studies” Jr. and Sr. High School levels” 1985 - 1987, Administered course instructions and Lab coursework to all grades as assigned by the school principal


References
References and Writing Samples are available upon request.

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